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Glossary of Terms Used for USAID's Automated Directives System (ADS) - Updated 07/15/2011 Partial Revision

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Term Definition
Blanket Purchase Agreement (Bpa)

A procurement agreement between the Government and a vendor for recurring purchases that may authorize the use of the Purchase Card to order against it (USAID Worldwide Purchase Card Program Manual, A Mandatory Reference for ADS Chapter 331).


This technology enables seamless voice and data connections between a wide range of devices through short-range digital two-way radio operating in the 2.4 GHz spectrum. It is an open specification for short-range communications of data and voice between both mobile and stationary devices (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 545).

Board Of Examiners

Board established to develop, and supervise the administration of, examinations to be given to candidates for appointment in the Foreign Service. The Board includes representatives of agencies utilizing the Foreign Service personnel system and representatives of other agencies which have responsibility for employment testing (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 422).

Bona Fide Job Offer

A bona fide offer of employment at a higher rate than the candidate's existing salary must be in writing and must clearly offer current employment, be no more than six months old, and signed by an official with the authority to make the offer. Usually the offer will include job title, salary or salary range, location, and reporting date (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 467).

Book Value

The net amount at which an asset or liability is carried on the books of account (also referred to as carrying value or amount). It equals the gross or nominal amount of any asset or liability minus any allowance or valuation amount (source: SFFAS 2) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 623, 629).

Booking Note - Booking Agreement

A contract for liner shipment, which normally incorporates the provisions of the carrier's standard bill of lading, adding only the cargo and shipment details such as cargo weight, load and discharge ports, rates, etc. The note or agreement may, however, also modify or replace all or some of the bill of lading provisions (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 314).


Borrowers may be sovereign (governments) or non-sovereign (private sector, or stand-alone government agencies) and are specified in the underlying Program Agreement and HG loan documentation. Sovereign borrowers often may borrow by and through such entities as ministries of finance, central banks, or other government agencies carrying the full faith and credit of the borrowing country (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 250).

Borrower - Grantee

The government of the cooperating country, or any agency, instrumentality or political subdivision thereof, or any private entity, to which USAID directly makes funds available by loan or grant (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 307).


An organization unit below the Division level. a Level III or below organization. Branches are established when operating requirements, functional concerns, and - or staffing levels justify dividing a Division into sub-elements (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 102).

Branding Implementation Plan

A Branding Implementation Plan, developed by contractors, describes how the program will be communicated to beneficiaries and promoted to host-country citizens. it outlines the events and materials the contractor will use to deliver the message that the assistance is from the American people (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 320).

Branding Strategy

A Branding Strategy, developed in the case of a contract award by the assistance objective team or requesting office, or in the case of an assistance award by the Apparently Successful Applicant, identifies the program or project name, how the materials and communications will be positioned (i.e. as from the American People, jointly sponsored by USAID and the host-country government or assistance implementing partner, or some other way) the desired level of visibility and the communications tools used to publicize the aid as from the American people (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 320).

Breastmilk Substitutes

Foods or liquids used as substitutes for breastfeeding, including use of powdered or liquid milks or formula, wet-nurses, etc. This does not include therapeutic formulas used under medical supervision (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 212).

British Thermal Unit (Btu)

The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 528).

Broad Outreach

The provision of significant benefits to large numbers of a particular target group (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 219).

Brochure, Pamphlet

These words are often used interchangeably.Pamphlet should be used to refer to a printed document of a few pages that does not contain any new Agency policy or procedure. A brochure contains several or many pages, and also must not contain any new Agency policy or procedure. Both terms refer to documents that are produced and distributed through a variety of means and may need periodic updating and reprinting for further distribution (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 512).

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