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Glossary of Terms Used for USAID's Automated Directives System (ADS) - Updated 07/15/2011 Partial Revision

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Term Definition
Distance Learning

The terms e-learning, distance education, distance learning, on-line learning, and distributed learning are used interchangeably to refer to a form of education and - or training where learning takes place without the physical presence of the instructor. Examples include written correspondence courses. computer-based training (CBT) such as CD-ROM or Web-based training, satellite-based video, and audio teleconferencing (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 458).

Distinguished Service Award

Presidential award for sustained extraordinary accomplishment, which carries a payment of up to $20,000 (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 422).

Division

An organization unit below the Office level. a Level II organization. Divisions are established when operating requirements, functional concerns, and - or staffing levels justify dividing an Office into sub-elements (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 102, 103).

Document

Any publication (bound or unbound, printed material such as reports, studies, manuals) correspondence (letters, cables, and memos) or other printed or written products (such as charts, maps, etc) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 562).

Document Distribution Unit

The Development Experience Clearinghouse office, which provides on-demand copies of USAID project and program documents and USAID-funded technical reports in the Development Experience System (DEXS) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 540).

Dollar Limit

The maximum amount of money that a Purchase Cardholder may spend on a single purchase or the cumulative dollar amount of purchases allowed per month, as determined by the Organization Program Coordinator or Approving Official in a Mission or Bureau (USAID Worldwide Purchase Card Program Manual, A Mandatory Reference for ADS Chapter 331).

Dollar Trust Funds

These accounts established by the U. S. Treasury are for the purpose of recording expenditures against receipts held in trust, where USAID acts in a fiduciary capacity in carrying out specific purposes and programs in accordance with international agreements or U.S. statutory requirements. There is no connection between dollar trust fund accounts and separate dollar accounts required under the Appropriations Act for cash transfer assistance or nonproject sector assistance (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 628).

Dollar-Sourced Local Currency

Foreign currency purchased by or converted from dollars whose source was appropriated funds. They are considered Treasury funds and are treated in the same way for Treasury Cash Management purposes (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 636).

Domain

On the Internet, domains are attached to an Internet Protocol (IP) address. All devices sharing a common part of the IP address are said to be in the same domain. A domain name is usaid.gov (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 557).

Domain Registrar

A domain registrar creates and hosts the records correlating to a domain name and establishes domain name standards. Each domain name is setup to point to a specific IP address (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 557).

Domestic

Pertaining to the 50 states of the United States, the District of Columbia, and the United States territories and possessions (USAID Worldwide Purchase Card Program Manual, A Mandatory Reference for ADS Chapter 331).

Domestic Voice Telecommunications

Voice telecommunications originating and ending within the United States (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 549).

Donations

Donations are monies and materials given by private persons and organizations to USAID without receiving anything in exchange. This term is used interchangeably with gifts for the purposes of ADS Chapter 628 (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 628).

Drug Abuse

Definition is located in 3 FAM 695 3-3 (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 408).

Drug Abuse Prevention Function

Definition is located in 3 FAM 695 3-3 (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 408).

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