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Glossary of Terms Used for USAID's Automated Directives System (ADS) - Updated 07/15/2011 Partial Revision

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Term Definition
Direct Acquisition

When USAID is a direct party, a signatory, in a mutually binding legal relationship obligating the seller (contractor). To furnish supplies or services and the buyer (USAID). To pay for them (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 301).

Direct Contracting

See direct acquisition (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 301).

Direct Letter Of Commitment

A USAID Letter of Commitment issued directly to primarily host-county contractors, suppliers, or carriers under which specified documents are submitted directly to USAID for payment (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 630).

Direct Loan

A disbursement of funds by USAID to a non-Federal borrower under a contract that requires the repayment of such funds within a certain time, with or without interest. The term includes the purchase of, or participation in, a loan made by another lender (OMB Circular A-11) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 623).

Direct Procurement

See Direct Acquisition (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 302).

Direct-Hire Employee

Refers only to U.S. citizens employed as direct-hire (general schedule Civil Service) and excepted service (non-career and Foreign Service).) expert consultant, or Advisory Committee Member Serving without Compensation) working for USAID (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 562, 566, 567).

Directed Reassignment

A management decision of the Administrator to reassign a career or probationary appointee to another SES position for which qualified (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 455).V

Directive

A written instruction communicating policy directives and - or required procedures. These instructions may be in the form of orders, regulations, bulletins, circulars, handbooks, manuals, notices, numbered memoranda, and similar issuances (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 501).

Directives Management Program

The directives management program provides Agency personnel with the means to document and convey Agency policy directives and required procedures to users through written instructions (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 501).

Disability

The term disability means, with respect to an individual, a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities of such individual. a record of such an impairment, or being regarded as having such an impairment. A physical or cognitive impairment that affects a major life function, consistent with the definition of the Rehabilitation Act (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 253, 514).

Disallowed Cost

An incurred cost questioned by the audit organization that USAID has agreed is not chargeable to the government (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 595).

Disaster

An unexpected occurrence, manmade or natural, that causes loss of life, health, property or livelihood, inflicting widespread destruction and distress and having long-term, adverse effects on Agency operations. It is distinguished from an accident by its magnitude and by its damage to the community infrastructure or the resources required for recovery (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 25, 502, 511, 530).

Disaster Declaration

The written determination by a U.S. Ambassador or designee of the Secretary of State that a disaster situation exists, with lives at risk, which exceeds local capacity and for which it is in the U.S. Government's interest to respond (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 251).

Disaster Reconstruction

Longer term activities designed to augment critical infrastructure and promote development goals. of tertiary priority to Disaster Relief and Rehabilitation (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 251).

Disaster Recovery Plan (Drp)

An overview of the requirements necessary to ensure that USAID's critical business functions that are handled by its information systems are resumed and restored after a natural or man-made disaster occurs (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 511, 545).

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