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Glossary of Terms Used for USAID's Automated Directives System (ADS) - Updated 07/15/2011 Partial Revision

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Term Definition
Cohort

Those direct loans obligated or loan guarantees committed by a program in the same year even if disbursements occur in subsequent years. Post-FY1991 direct loans or loan guarantees will remain with their original cohort throughout the life of the loan, even if the loan is modified. Pre-FY1992 loans and loan guarantees that are modified will each, respectively, constitute a single cohort (OMB Circular No. A-11, Preparation and Submission of Budget Estimates) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 623).

Collateral Substitute

A mechanism for ensuring the repayment of loans other than the provision of formal collateral by the borrower. In the context of microfinance, group lending and character-based (experience-based) lending are the most common forms of collateral substitutes (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 219).

Collection

The process of receiving amounts owed to the government, such as payment on a debt (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 625).

Collection Agency

A private sector entity whose primary business is the collection of delinquent debts (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 625).

Collection Amount

The amount of a disallowed cost that management recovers from a contractor or grantee (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 591).

Collection Of Information

The obtaining, causing to be obtained, soliciting, or requiring the disclosure to an agency, third parties, or the public of information by or for an agency by means of identical questions posed, to, or identical reporting, record keeping, or disclosure requirements imposed on ten or more persons, whether such collection of information is mandatory, voluntary or required to obtain a benefit (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 506).

Combining Statements

Financial statements which present information found in the Principal Financial Statements by major programs, activities or funds, where feasible or appropriate (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 594).

Commercial Activity

An activity conducted by a Federal agency that provides a product or service that could be obtained from the private sector (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 104).

Commercial Property

Property that is available through lease or purchase in the commercial market (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 547).

Commercial Services Contracts

Contracts let on a commercial basis for the running or management of a utility or distribution network (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 221).

Commercial Telegrams

Telegrams that are sometimes sent to international or domestic addresses that do not have access to governmental telegraphic facilities. In such cases, delivery is by commercial telegraphic systems. The Department of State (DOS) uses commercial telegram systems only for domestic locations (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 549).

Commissioned Diplomatic Title

See 3 FAM 2430 (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 435).

Commitment

An administrative reservation of funds in anticipation of their obligation (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 621, 634).

Commodity

Any material, article, supply, goods, or equipment (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 221, 310, 312).

Commodity Import Program (Cip)

A program in which USAID provides foreign exchange to a host country that, by the terms of the applicable agreement between USAID and the host country, is used to finance particular commodity import transactions of the host country (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 307, 320, 324).

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